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Medicinal Plants

All Medicinal Plants

Please note that some plants, or their parts thereof, are poisonous, especially if used excessively. Therefore, please consult a recognised Herbal or other authorative publication for details of preparation and dosage prior to attempting to use the listed plants.

Medicinal Plants Uses
Adiantum capillus-veneris menstruation anomalies, treating enteritis, externally leaves as a poultice for kidney problems, collect May-August, leaves as infusions and syrups as a malacic and expectorant, chest and respiratory infections
Adonis species tonic, strong stimulant effect on action of heart muscle, tea for dropsy but use frugally
Ailanthus altissima infusion from leaves and bark against intestinal parasites, powder of dry leaves to treat haemorrhages
Ajuga species against gout or for abortion
Allium ampeloprasum diuretic, hypotensive, against internal parasites
Allium neapolitanum for quick healing of injuries, hypotensive, prevents arteriosclerosis,anthelmintic, antiseptic, against internal parasites, prevention of pestilential diseases like cholera, influenza
Allium sphaerocephalon antiseptic, rich in vitamins A and C, antipestilential properties, hypotensive , diuretic
Amygdalus communis (Prunus dulcis) almond oil as emollient and laxative, prevents stenosis and constipation, for nose ulcers, vitamin E
Anagallis species poisonous, seeds very toxic, lowers blood pressure and level of adrenalin, slows heart action
Anagyris foetida used as a purgative
Anemone coronaria tincture from flowers
Arbutus andrachne infusion of leaves for diarrhoea, cystitis. Leaves and bark contain tannic and gallic acid
Arbutus unedo leaves contain antiseptic used for treating ailments of the urinary tract
Arisarum vulgare aroine irritates skin and affects the central nervous system
Aristolochia sempervirens to aid birth, treat snakebites, induce sleep: an antidote to poison, relief from asthma, rickets, ruptures, convulsions,to drive out splinters but can cause disorders of digestive tract, vomiting, diarrhoea and miscarriage
Artemisia arborescens infusion of leaves and flowers as tonic for digestive system and stimulant, tincture to treat epilepsy, inducing abortion, regulation of menstrual cycle, for diabetics, antipyretic, diuretic, antiseptic, spasmolytic, expectorant, aphrodisiac
Arum hygrophilum preparation from tubers to treat respiratory conditions and snakebite
Asphodelus aestivus tubers used to treat intestinal disorders. A first-aid styptic
Asphodelus fistulosus roots used to treat dermatitis
Asparagus species for treating rheumatic and respiratory conditions, controlling heart rhythm, diuretic, good for anaemia but can cause insomnia, rich in calcium, potassium phosphate, iron, manganese and cobalt
Berberis cretica root and bark for treating liver and bile anomalies, berries for jelly for upset stomach, tincture from root for enteritis, rheumatoid arthritis, lumbago, pyelitis
Bongardia chrysogonum for epilepsy
Borago officinalis to treat rheumatism, respiratory infection, to dispel melancholy
Bryonia cretica purgative from dried root, a toxic plant, dried tuber a purgative but juice causes bloody stools and abdominal pain, possibly anti cancerous
Brugmansia suaveolens dried leaves and petals for cigarettes against asthma, leaves flowers fruits against arthritis and rheumatic pains
Calamintha incana tea for nephritis and kidney diseases, cataplasm for kidney pain
Calendula arvensis extracts of resins and essential oils to treat ulcers and inflammation
Calycotome villosa infusion to treat mouth ulcers
Capparis spinosa buds and roots for antiseptic, diuretic and tonic, arteriosclerosis treatment, colds, cataplasm for eye infections
Capsella species infusions for internal and external bleeding and menstrual disorders
Cardopatium species once used to treat cardiac pains and extracts from roots and stems used as pain killers for stomach and belly aches
Celtis australis infusion as astringent, emetic, anti-diarrhoid, stomachic
Centaurea aegialophila diuretic, digestive, infusions or cataplasms for treatment of eye infections
Centaurea hyalolepis malachis, purgative, diuretic, digestive, infusion from flowers to treat kidney and bladder stones, eye inflammations
Chrozophora tinctoria emetic in cases of fungus poisoning
Chrysanthemum coronarium infusion of flowers versus intestinal parasites
Cichorium spinosum for chololithiasis, jaundice, liver diseases, kidney inflammations, reduces gallstones, treats diabetes due to 20% insulin content, increases appetite, purgative, anti-pyretic, aphrodisiac
Citrullus colocynthis purgative from dried pulp, anthelmintic using juice from crushed fruits
Cistus creticus ladanum exported to Egypt for medicinal purposes
Cistus monspeliensis ladanum a multi remedy, smoke good for eyes, used against the plague
Clematis cirrhosa homeopathic treatment for gout and rheumatic pains, but can ulcerate skin, cause vomiting, intestinal pains, crushed leaves for leprosy, use with Nerium oleander to treat psoriasis and dermatitis, seeds in water for phlegm
Cnicus benedictus drug used in treating gastric disorders
Colchicum troodi tinctures and infusions as analgesics and muscle relaxants, emetic
Convolvulus althaeoides root, leaves and flowers as a purgative, children with constipation given the flowers
Convolvulus arvensis flowers and buds collected and dried for an infusion against constipation and a purgative, boil in water and add carob syrup
Cordia myxa extract as cough cure
Corydalis rutifolia infusion from tubers collected when at rest for neurological disorders and insomnia but can bring on epileptic symptoms
Crataegus azarolus infusions from dried fruit effective against diarrhoea, young stem tops used as an anti pyretic counteracting fever
Crataegus species flowers in tincture as a cardiac tonic
Crithmum maritimum digestive and purgative, treatment for thyroid conditions as rich in iodine
Crocus species induces abortion but toxic and overuse leads to serious bleeding. A few grams can be a fatal dose
Cupressus sempervirens resin for bowel troubles and anaemia
Cuscuta palaestina expectorant and treatment for respiratory infections, melancholia and nervous disorders
Cyclamen persicum cyclamine is readily absorbed by the intestine for an effective purgative, against arthritis, rheumatism and haemorroids
Cynara cardunculus for stiff joints, sore throats and haemorroids
Cynoglossum creticum pulmonary infections and tuberculosis
Datura innoxia species are poisonous and narcotic, a tincture used for coughs, chronic laryngitis, dried leaves as cigarettes against asthma
Datura stramonium highly toxic alkaloides causing delusions, insanity, death, but extracts and smoke from dried leaves used to treat asthma, and a hallucinogen (Am.Indians)
Delphinium peregrinum infusion of buds and flowers for compresses to speed healing of wounds, seeds and flowers as diuretic and anthelmintic, ointment from flowering tips for lice infestation, psoriasis, and scorpion stings
Ecballium elaterium purgative and treats rheumatism, shingles, and dropsy
Ephedra fragilis ephedrine, like adrenalin, stimulates the sympathetic nervous system. Use an infusion of the flowers for asthma, a powerful bronchial dilator and convulsant, an infusion for pregnant women to facilitate delivery
Equisetum ramosissimum an effective diuretic, treat T.B.due to silicic acid, but contains enzyme thiamaze which breaks down vitamin B
Eriobotrya japonica juice containing citric acid and mineral salts has astringent and expectorant properties, digestive, good for the intestine, effective in treating canker sores, fruits rich in sucrose, tannin, and malic acid
Eruca sativa strengthening and nutritious oil, uretical and digestive
Eryngium creticum fleshy roots used against snake bite in humans and animals, crushed roots used as a cataplasm
Eryngium maritimum rhizome used to treat stomach disorders and flatulence, candied root as an aphrodisiac and against male impotence
Eucalyptus camaldulensis oil from leaves as a parasiticide, expectorant and antiseptic for the urinary system, decoction of leaves and bark as an inhalation or leave feet in it to relieve pains
Eucalyptus torquata balsamic fragrant oil, antibiotic, beneficial for respiratory infections, bronchitis and asthma, reduces secretion of fluids
Eucalyptus species decongestive so used for sinus infections
Euphorbia dimorphocaulon highly dangerous abortifacient
Euphorbia helioscopia extracts once given to purge the blood
Ficus carica milky juice used to treat boils, warts and insect stings
Fumaria species infusions as laxative
Galium aparine tincture from fresh stems and leaves for hypotensive use, inflammations, treatment of wounds and ulcers
Geranium tuberosum a drug from the plant has diuretic and astringent properties for skin and eye care and mouth inflammations
Gladiolus species corms dissolved in Commandaria for male and female sterility, corms to animals to ensure conception
Hedera helix antispasmodic, for coccitis, fruits and young leaves as purgatives, tincture for rhinitis and treatment of cataracts
Heliotropium species treating scorpion stings, prevent conception, induce abortion by means of pounded leaves
Herniaria species treating hernia
Hyoscyamus species highly toxic seeds used in poisons and love potions, painkiller and dried leaves for asthma, tranquilisers, to treat neuralgia, diminish convulsions, crushed leaves as a cataplasm to alleviate pain
Hypecoum procumbens contains opium, orange juice in the stem has strong narcotic properties so acts as a sedative for coughs and bronchitis
Hypericum perforatum infusion from flowering tops to treat external wounds and injuries, speeding healing and preventing microbial growth
Hypericum species antidiarrhoid and sedative action, antiflogistic, infusion used against lung and urinary tract infections, strengthener
Hypericum triquetrifolium essential oils used to treat ulcers and burns
Inula graveolens stomach disorders
Inula viscosa powder or infusion as tonic for stomach, expectorant, diuretic, treating gonorrhoea and enteritis, dry leaves for burns
Ipomoea stolonifera root extracts as purgative
Iris germanica dry rhizome given to babies to chew as a sedative, mollient creams for the breast
Juglans regia astringent leaf infusion used to treat skin diseases, extract from leaves to promote appetite, cure constipation, confer strength and heal wounds
Juniperus phoenicea diuretic and stomach tonic, for urinary infections and cystitis, external use for dermatitis, infusions as an antiseptic
Lagoecia cuminoides chewed to relieve toothache
Lamium amplexicaule an expectorant, for treatment of prostatis and uterus disorders, tincture for respiratory infections and bronchitis
Lamium moschatum an infusion from stem tips as a styptic, also as above
Laurus nobilis oil of bay, pressed from berries, for rheumatism, stomach pains, lice infestation, leaves to aid digestion, perspiration, an antiseptic. Oil for rheumatism and to promote urinary activity
Lavandula stoechas tonic, spasmolytic, antiseptic especially for external wounds and injuries, flowers in bath for skin and relaxation
Leontice leontopetalum epilepsy, migraine, soap substitute
Liquidambar styraciflua balsamic resin for psoriasis, effective in treating lice infestation, used externally as hemostatic and healing agent
Lonicera etrusca toxic but infusion of bark as emetic for food poisoning
Lonicera species bark used for diuretic and perspirant qualities, berries toxic causing somnolence and fatigue
Malva sylvestris raw leaves for nettle stings, infusion of leaves and flowers for intestinal disorders and inflammation
Mandragora officinarum aphrodisiac, narcotic and poisonous, makes one inactive and idle, painkiller during operations, fertility bestower
Marrubium vulgare stimulant, expectorant and febrifuge, infusion for colds, tonsillitis, pharyngitis, respiratory infections, tea for cough
Matricaria recutita infusion for sore throats, stomach aches, inflamed eyes (European chamomile)
Medicago marina used against bleeding and anaemia, a source of calcium in ointment form
Melia azedarach narcotic from all parts of the tree
Mentha longifolia menthol for massage, against migraine, excellent antiseptic for nose and pharynx, gargle with tea for tonsillitis, infusions from fresh or dried leaves or essential oils for gastric aches, headache, dizziness, sleeplessness
Mentha pulegium spasmolytic and cholagogue, stimulant and tonic action, antiseptic for oulitisand mouth infections, cure for male impotence, high doses for aphrodisiac, gets rid of garlic and onion smells to chew Pennyroyal leaves
Mentha spicata infusions for stomach pains
Mespilus germanica syrup of fruits as laxative, astringent, infusion of flower buds and tender leaves as antilithic, against bladder stones, fruits and seeds once used instead of quinine for treating malaria
Morus alba infusions or tinctures against toothache, is hyperglycemic and astringent, juice of mature fruits is toxic and stimulant
Muscari comosum bulb is a cure for 'luxations and grietes of the joints', for bruises and splinters, gangrenes and gouts, bulbs are eaten raw or boiled to lower cholesterol level, as antiseptic and anthelmintic
Myrtus communis fruit is anti-diarrhoeic, appetite stimulant, styptic; powder of dried leaves for rashes or skin injuries, oil from bark leaves and flowers as antiseptic and nasal decongestant
Narcissus tazetta narcotic, painkiller, tranquiliser, bulb as a powerful emetic, essential oil for rhinitis, bronchitis, whooping cough. Poisonous
Nasturtium species expectorant, hypoglycemic, against odontalgia. Chew a bunch for toothache or to prevent scurvy
Nerium oleander contains alkoids of medicinal value. Extracts treat psoriasis and heart conditions
Nicotiana glauca rich in alkaloides, cures for cystitis and dermatitis, fresh leaves a styptic
Odontites species prescribed for toothache
Olive laxative, suppressant, external emollient
Onosma fruticosum infusion of dried flowers for respiratory ailments, bronchitis, influenza, tuberculosis
Opopanax hispidus resin from stems seen as a panacea
Opuntia ficus-indica infusions and cataplasms, diuretic, antispasmodic, emollient
Orchis italica tubers for tonics and remedies, infusions and jellies for the weak and recovering, and for cases of intestinal problems
Origanum majorana tea for colds, tonsilitis, pharyngitis, an expectorant and to treat dyspepsia
Oxalis corniculata for asthma and diseases of throat, quinzy, blood purifier, infusion from fresh plants as tonic and laxative, for digestion
Oxalis pes-caprae pleasant tasting digestive compounds, against dermatitis and irritable alimentary canal
Paeonia mascula painkiller and tranquillizer
Pancratium maritimum emetic for mushroom poisoning by drinking the liquid from crushed bulbs
Papaver rhoeas syrup from fruits and flowers used as an emollient and sedative for whooping cough, provides eye lotions from fruits
Papaver setigerum narcotic containing morphine and codeine, painkiller, strengthener in babies` milk
Parietaria judaica infusion of stemtops for psammiasis, kidney stones. Diuretic, against gall bladder disorders and gallstones, Dry for burns
Paronychia species ancient treatment of whitlows
Passiflora caerulea sedative, antispasmodic, hypnotic and tranquiliser, infusion from flower buds against nervous disorders and insomnia
Petroselinum crispum remedy for gallstones
Phytolacca pruinosa fruits and red flowers for ink. Roots leaves and fruit a purgative
Pinus nigra resin and infusions of leaves as a diuretic, balsamic, expectorant and antiseptic
Pistacia lentiscus remedy for halitosis, used for stomach complaints and external injuries
Pistacia terebinthus balsamic and antiseptic
Plantago coronopus to treat gallstones
Plantago lanceolata crushed leaves on sores and injuries, syrup for respiratory ailments
Polygonum aviculare astringent, used to check bleeding, effective in treating pulmonary problems like tuberculosis
Populus alba buds used in preparation of ointment for haemorrhoids, infusion and extracts for rheumatism, arthritis, cystitis
Populus species tea from buds used against urinary tract infections, as an analgesic, diuretic and expectorant, tea from buds used to prevent conception, juice from leaves cures earache
Portulaca oleracea cholagogic properties, used against chololithiasis, diuretic and anthelmintic qualities, beneficial for colitis, amoebiasis
Poterium verrucosum treat warts, and an aphrodisiac
Prunus dulcis bitter almonds taken in small quantities as an emollient or cough reliever, high dose poisonous
Ptilostemon chamaepeuce good for the `griefs of the loins`, treating lumbago, arthritis and rheumatism with an infusion from flowerheads
Pulicaria dysenterica thought to cure dysentry
Punica granatum tannin rich bark to expel internal parasites
Pyracantha coccinea finely ground roots used as a cataplasm to draw out splinters and thorns from the skin
Ranunculus asiaticus treats dermatitis, shingles, rheumatism and arthritis
Ranunculus bullatus tincture for eczema
Ranunculus muricatus tincture for colds
Reseda lutea dried plants for intestinal disorders for sheep and cattle
Rhamnus oleoides constipation cure with crushed `peppers`, excess leads to bloody stools, severe diarrhoea, fever due to time for cure
Rhus coriaria a styptic against diarrhoea and intestinal trouble, also treats dermatitis
Ricinus communis castor oil is an effective natural purgative, also stimulates peristalsis, an emollient
Robinia species bark with emetic properties, infusion of flowers as an emetic
Roemeria hybrida yellow sap used as an emollient, and a sedative for whooping cough, a painkiller, calmative for neurosis and mental disorders
Rosa canina infusions act as a tonic for nursing mothers, and during recovery, petals against constipation, enteritis, haemorrhage
Rosmarinus officinalis infusion from leaves as a digestive, to treat arthritis, bruises and injuries, an insecticide, antiseptic and spasmodic
Rubia tinctorum once used for dyes, now with medicinal use
Rubus sanctus infusion from fresh leaves as a styptic, for diarrhoea, intestinal infections, internal haemorrhage, ulcers and injuries
Ruscus aculeatus removal of bladder stones, infusion of crushed tender stems and leaves has blood purifying and diuretic action
Ruta chalepensis exulcerator, antiseptic, uretic bringing out menstrua, seeds in wine as an antidote to poisons, preparations for earache, infusion from leaves and flowers as a spasmolytic and perspirant, tonic for the stomach and an aborticied
Salsola kali ash for treating stomach aches and hyperchloridriasis, cystitis
Salvia fruticosa infusions for sore throats, tinctures for neural disorders and dizziness.
Sambucus ebulus infusion for treating colds
Sambucus nigra bark is a purgative, infusions and extracts as antispasmodic, antirheumatic, tea for colds, fever, pharyngitis, tonsillitis
Sarcopoterium spinosum infusion of crushed fresh ripe fruits as a tonic containing vitamin A, with antiflogistic and diuretic properties
Schinus molle extracts improve digestion and appetite and have antiseptic and diuretic properties, leaves chewed to treat internal or external infections, seeds used as black pepper
Scolymus hispanicus for smelly armpits
Scrofularia species treating tuberculus skin disease, scrofula, with nodular tubers.
Senecio vulgaris tincture from fresh plants for cystitis, urinary tract infections, menstruation anomalies, rhinorrhagia
Serapias vomeracea remedy for whooping cough and dysentery, and an aphrodisiac
Sinapis arvensis crushed seeds a purgative, to treat arthritis, sore joints and bruises
Sisymbrium orientale infusion from crushed seeds and dried flowerheads for cold, influenza and bronchitis, recommended for sore joints, arthritis, mix with Salep from Serapias tubers for a general purpose tonic for the weak and recovering
Smilax aspera diuretics and perspirants, a poison antidote, moves urine and is a causer of troublesome dreams, preparations from roots and young shoots are used as tonics which accelerate metabolic rate and intestinal absorption
Smyrnium connatum juice in sweet wine beneficial for nephro lithiasis or for cases of painful and interrupted urination, cystitis, prostatis
Solanum villosum sedative to alleviate pain, or narcotic paste from mature berries for children suffering from stomach and belly aches, paste from berries for childrens' stomach ache and teething pain
Solanum nigrum toxic solanine is used as a sedative, to alleviate pain, as a narcotic, for bruises and skin irritations
Sonchus oleraceus calmative and tranquilliser, effective laxative
Spartium junceum purgetive, emetic and diuretic, an infusion of flowers used for liver problems and nephrotis, and for snake bites
Styrax officinalis for chronic cystitis, gonorrhea, enteritis, TB, with warming and mollifying and conconting qualities
Taraxacum cyprium leaves as a remedy for gallstones and jaundice, roots and leaves for gall bladder infections, cirrhosis, jaundice and liver diseases
Taxus baccata used in cancer treatment
Teucrium micropodioides infusion from leaves and flowers for stomach ache, gastritis, jaundice, liverbile disorders, tonic, diuretic
Thymus capitatus antiseptic properties so a component of cough syrups, toothpaste, soaps
Thymus integer thymol is an antiseptic and bactericide, infusion for dysentery and diarrhoea, anthelmintic and antipyretic
Tordylium aegyptiacum diuretic, beneficial for kidneys, bladder, abortion induction causing convulsions of the uterus so also facilitates delivery, extract from seeds as a digestive, against jaundice asthma and coughs
Trifolium purpureum flowerhead tea for purifying blood, diuretic, activating the function of the liver, beneficial for sore throats
Trifolium stellatum infusion of fresh leaves and flowers for rheumatism, activating liver, appetite, sore throat
Trigonella foenum-graecum medicinal use
Urginea maritima foul-smelling bulbs for cardiac and circulatory problems, for kidney insufficiency, ear ache, bulbs for cough mixtures and pesticides. Ash and oil grows hair
Urtica pilulifera infusions for mouth ulcers and nose bleeding, flagellation with fresh branches for rheumatism
Verbascum sinuatum extracts from flowers and roots for gargles, coughs, respiratory infections, roots for diarrhoea and eye inflammations
Verbena officinalis bruised leaves on septic wounds, infusion for fevers, stomach troubles
Viola odorata flowers and rhizomes as expectorants, against coughs, as emetic and hypostatic
Viola sieheana diuretic, expectorant and laxative, infusion against pimples
Vitex agnus-castus a herbal medication for stomach ache, eye troubles, (women`s replacement for SRT?)
Willow species salicin for inflammation and pain, aspirin
Withania somnifera narcotic and diuretic
Ziziphus lotus fruit used to treat diarrhoea and skin troubles, as chest emollients and to treat coughs
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