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Useful Plants

Useful Plant Name Uses
Acacia albida for fodder and hedges
Acacia cyanophylla fencing posts, beansticks, fuel, leaves as fodder for sheep and goats, flame resistant windbreak, stops sand dune formation, hal
Acacia farnesiana leaves eaten by livestock, perfume from flowers, adhesive resin from trunks
Acacia melanoxylon wood for furniture
Acer obtusifolium timber
Aesculus hippocastanum fruits for fodder
Agave sisalana sisal hemp fibre
Ailanthus altissima planted to combat erosion
Alnus orientalis dark brown wood for carving
Amygdalus communis almond for skin care lotions and cosmetics
Arbutus andrachne timber for chairs, tool handles, charcoal and firewood
Asphodelus aestivus tubers make glue used by cobblers
Asphodelus fistulosus roots for cosmetic preparations
Atriplex semibaccata sheep fodder for saline land
Berberis cretica yellow dye from roots for wood and silk
Bauhinia variegata bark used by dyers
Borago officinalis odour eater for feet
Brachychiton diversifolius Bottle Tree, fodder but toxic
Broussonetia papyrifera paper mulberry, bark used to make paper or cloth
Calycotome villosa branches for fences for livestock
Cannabis sativa fibre, hempseed oil for varnishes and soap, birdseed
Castanea sativa furniture and woodcarving
Casuarina cunninghamiana wood tough and heavy
Casuarina equisetifolia tolerant of sand and dust so used to halt dune formation, windbreak, tough heavy timber, good firewood, pit props, telegraph pol
Casuarina equisetifolia tough heavy timber, good firewood, pit props, telegraph poles, floorboards
Cedrus libani ssp.brevifolia resistant to insect and fungus attack, so icon screens, clothes protection, pitprops in copper mines, ship construction, shoemak
Celtis australis wood for furniture, joinery, charcoal
Ceratonia siliqua pods for fodder, making fermented drinks, seeds as jeweller`s weights, resin for cosmetics, paper and textiles, timber for tool
Chrozophora tinctoria once cultivated as a source of Tournesol dye
Cistus creticus ladanum for perfumery
Cordia myxa bird lime tree, fruit to catch birds on lime twigs, illegal
Crataegus azarolus timber for carving
Crithmum maritimum Fragrant oil for perfumery
Cupressus sempervirens variations harder than pine and more flexible for telephone poles, roofing, windbreak
Elaeagnus angustifolia flowers used in perfumery
Eucalyptus camaldulensis for draining marshes containing malarial mosquitoes; firewood
Ficus carica leaves of vine and fig boiled in rainwater to blacken hair
Ficus elastica rubber tree, latex exudes from scratched bark
Ficus sycomorus timber for coffins
Fumaria species dye wool yellow
Galium species milk curdling agent
Genista sphacelata charcoal
Gladiolus italicus corms marinated in wine promote fertility in livestock
Gleditsia triacanthos honey and fodder
Inula graveolens rich in fragrant oil and inulin, widely used as insect repellant
Iris germanica rhizome for perfumery and manufacture of emollient creams
Juglans regia brown hair dye and woodstain, timber for furniture
Juniperus species hard, fragrant, durable timber
Laurus nobilis bay oil used by vets for relief of rheumatic pains, removing parasites, oil as hair lotion preventing loss, soap heals purulent
Leontice leontopetalum soap substitute
Liquidambar styraciflua bark as incense wood, resin smells of vanilla, perfume against lice and psoriasis
Maclura pomifera bark rich in tannins, yellow dye
Matricaria recutita var. coronata cosmetics,shampoos, hair lotions
Medicago polymorpha var. vulgaris fodder crop
Medicago sativa high nutrient crop associated with the spread of the domestic horse
Melia azedarach foliage eaten by livestock but leaves used to stupify and catch fish, red coloured timber for cabinet and wind instrument makers
Morus alba leaves as food for silkworms, wood used in chair making
Myoporum laetum shelter belt
Myrtus communis oil used in perfumery from bark, leaves and flowers, fermented drink from berries, carving and high class charcoal
Nerium oleander leaves an effective rat poison
Olive oil, soap from seeds
Opuntia ficus-indica makes sterile slopes productive
Origanum majorana var. tenuifolium dead branches bound as light brooms
Osyris alba cleaning material for ladies from red berries
Oxalis pes-caprae extracts in skin care lotions
Parkinsonia aculeata versus erosion, shade and fodder, pods for sheep, foliage for goats
Phoenix dactylifera baskets and wickerwork objects constructed from fibrous fronds
Phytolacca species source of red dye, espec. Americana, colours ink and foodstuffs
Phytolacca dioica fast growing shade tree
Pinus brutia Timber for greenhouses, firewood, ploughs, charcoal
Pinus nigra ssp.pallasiana resin extraction, construction, firewood
Pinus pinea planted as sandbinder to halt dunes
Pistacia atlantica galls for tanning, resin for varnish, berries for spice
Pistacia lentiscus source of resin to make varnishes, chewing gum and mastic
Pistacia terebinthus bean like gall used for tanning, bark, fragrant gum, turpentine, leaves and sawdust used as tobacco substitute, resin as glue
Pistacia terebinthus saddle bags made from shoots for grape carrying on donkeys, paint thinner for Italian Renaissance artists, later from Pine trees
Platanus orientalis wood for furniture, parquet flooring, shoe lasts, veneers
Polygonum aviculare for washing dishes
Populus nigra var. afghanica light wood used in joinery
Populus species infusion from buds, tender stem tops used for cosmetics and hair care
Punica granatum tanning, dyeing, crown as European tradition, calyx in Egyptian art
Quercus coccifera fruit as fodder, host to Coccus vermilia which produces red dye
Reseda lutea dye leather yellow
Rhus coriaria steeping leather
Robinia pseudoacacia rot resistant timber for furniture, posts, tools, flowers in perfumery
Rosmarinus officinalis to sweeten laundry, repel insects, essential oil as antiseptics
Salix alba light wood used in joinery and woodcarving, to make pulp, paper, maqtches
Salsola kali ash, rich in sodium and potassium, used for glass making
Sambucus ebulus hollow twigs for instruments, source of blue dye in tanning
Schinus molle fruit with resin and volatile oil, windbreak
Sophora japonica bees, wood for musical instruments
Sorbus aria ssp.cretica fruits for birds
Styrax officinalis seeds used as rosary beads, resin used as incense, fish poison, fruits for catching eels, ground to powder which froths in water
Tamarix smyrnensis sand binder and windbreak on coast
Tamarix species windbreaks, salts formed in tissues are fire resistant, roadside fire break, firewood, manufacture of wheels, controls erosion,
Tetraclinis articulata timber, resin for paper glazing, incense
Thymus capitatus used for perfumes, toothpaste, embalming in Egypt
Thymus integer smoke as an effective disinfectant
Urginea maritima foul-smelling bulbs repel insects from stored grain
Vitex agnus-castus twigs for basket weaving
Washingtonia filifera wicker and plaited work momentoes made from leaves and fibres
Xanthium species yellow, infusion to dye hair blond
Ziziphus lotus twigs draped over citrus trees to catch bats
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